Guntram - King of Burgundy(561-592)



Guntram - King of Burgundy(561-592)


GUNTRAM
French GONTRAN (b. before 535--d. March 28, 592), Merovingian king of Burgundy who strove to maintain a balance of power among his warring relations.

Guntram received Burgundy in the quadripartite division of the lands of his father, Chlotar I, which took place on the king"s death in 561, and added further territory when his brother, Charibert of Paris, died in 567 or 568. Well endowed with the political skills of prudence and duplicity, he strove to prevent either of his two remaining brothers, Chilperic I and Sigebert I, from gaining too great a power, allying now with the one, now with the other. After the death of Sigebert of Austrasia in 575 he protected the interests of the young Childebert II, Sigebert"s son, against the aggressive Chilperic, and in 577 recognized Childebert as his heir. When Childebert nevertheless allied with Chilperic against him, he bought off the young king by the cession of territory (583) and confirmed him as his adopted son--action the more necessary since he was also faced by a usurper, Gundoald, whom he was then able successfully to overcome. The death of Chilperic in 584 left Guntram master of the scene; he protected the young Chlotar II, Chilperic"s heir, and Fredegund, Chlotar"s mother, but also settled remaining differences with Childebert by the Treaty of Andelot (587). Himself attacked by the Lombards in the 570s, he turned his attention to the south in his last years but was twice unsuccessful against the Visigoths.

Guntram had a good reputation among churchmen. In 585 he issued an edict calling for a stricter observance of Christian life, and his contemporary, bishop Gregory of Tours, so much admired him that he even considered the King able to perform miracles.

Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica


Guntramnus, King (RM)
(also known as Contran, Gontran, Gontram, Gunthrammus)

Died March 28, 592. Saint Guntramnus, son of King Clotaire and Saint Clothildis, was crowned king of Orleans and Burgundy in 561, while his brothers Charibert reigned in Paris and Sigebert at Metz. In general, his life was that of a peacemaker. He protected his nephews against the wickedness of the dowager queens, Sigebert"s Brunehault and Chilperic"s Fredegonde. But he had a period of intemperance. He divorced his wife, Mercatrude, and hastily ordered the execution of his physician. He was overcome with remorse and lamented these sins for the rest of his life, both for himself and for his nation. In atonement, he fasted, prayed, wept, and offered himself to the God he had offended.

Throughout the balance of his prosperous reign he gave examples of how the maxims of the Gospel could be rendered into effective policy. He was the protector of the oppressed, care-giver to the sick, and the tender parent to his subjects. He was open-handed with his wealth, especially in times of plague and famine. He strictly and justly enforced the law without respect to person, yet was ever ready to forgive offenses against himself, including two attempted assassins.

Guntramnus munificently built and endowed many churches and monasteries. Saint Gregory of Tours relates many miracles performed by the king, both before and after his death, some of which he witnessed himself. At the time of his death, Guntramnus had reigned for 31 years. Almost immediately he was proclaimed a saint by his subjects. He was buried in the church of Saint Marcellus, which he had founded. The Huguenots, who scattered his ashes in the 16th century, left only his skull untouched in their fury. It is now kept there in a silver case (Attwater2, Benedictines, Husenbeth)

In art, Saint Guntramnus is depicted as a king finding treasure and giving it to the poor. Sometimes there may be three treasure chests before him, a globe, and cross on one (Roeder).


During this period of intestine strife, King Gontran was vainly endeavouring to wrest Septimania from the Visigoths, as well as defend himself against the pretender Gondowald, the natural son of Clotaire I, who, aided by the nobles, tried to seize part of the kingdom, but fell in the attempt.


Saint Gontran co roi de Bourgogne 534-561 puis roi de Bourgogne 561-592, roi d"Orleans 561-592, roi de Paris 584-592
epouse: Venerande
epouse: Marcatrude. morte en 565
epouse: Austregilde ou Bobile. mort en 580
1 enfant + 1 fils adopte:
- Gondeboald
- Fils adopte: Childebert II roi d"Austrasie. cf: Dynastie Merovingienne


Guntram, King of BURGUNDY

Notes

<B024818> Guntram MEROVING (King)
<B020764> Father: Clotaire (The_Old) I MEROVING (King)
<B022792> Mother: Ingonde de THURINGE (Queen)
OCCUPATION: King
BIRTH: ABT 523, ,,France
DEATH: 28 MAR 592, ,,France


King of Burgundy and of Orleans 561-593
Source: The Lives of the Kings and Queens of France, p 12, 21


Guntramm of the Franks King Of Orléans
(Guntramm King Of Orléans)
Born - of Orléans, Loiret, France
Died on March 28, 592, France
Parents
Chlothar I the Old of the Franks King Of Franks 497-561
Ingonde (Radegond) Von Thuringia *
Marriages and children
Married to Venerande (de Orléans)


Gontran, King Of Orleans

Born in 525, Of,Orleans,Loiret,France
Died (28 MAR 592/593), ,,,France
Buried - St Marcel Abbey,CHALON,Saone,France

Parents

Clotaire I, King_Of_The Franks ca 497-561
Ingonde, Queen Of_The Franks *

Marriages and children

Married about 566, ,Orleans,,France, to Austregilde, Queen Of Orleans
Married, Not Married, to Venerande ?
Married to Marcatrude, Queen Of Orleans


Gontran
b.525
d.28.3.593, Chalon-sur-Saone

m.Venerande
1.Gondebaud

m.Marcatrude

m.566 Austrechilde "Bobilla"(d.580)
2.Clotaire
3.Clodomir
4.Clodeberge
5.Clotilde

m.Theodechilde, widow of his brother Charibert I


Guntram Lotharson
died 593


Bourgogne, Guntram d" Orleans Roi
b.AFT 526
d.593


Saint Gontrant (° 525-28.03.592), roi d"Orleans (561-592), de Bourgogne (561-592), de Paris (584-592) ep. 1°. Venerande; 2°. 556, Marcatrude (+ v. 566), repudiee en 565, fille de Magnachaire, duc des Francs, s.p.; 2°. v. 566, Austregilde dite "Bobile" (° v. 548-580). Dont :

- Du premier lit :

A. Gondeboald.

- Du troisieme lit :

B. Clotaire (° v. 567-577).
C. Clodomoir (° v. 573-577).
D. Clodeberge (+ avt. 584).
E. Clotilde.


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