Charles Martel - Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia(715-741)



Charles Martel - Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia(715-741)


Charles Martel duc des Francs et maire du Palais d"Austrasie et maire du Palais de Neustrie (ou de Soissons). mort en 741
epouse: Chrotrude ou Rothrude. morte en 724.
epouse: Swanahilde ou Sonichilde fille de Theobald de Baviere. cf: Dynasties de Baviere
6 enfants et 1 fils naturel:
- Hiltrude. morte en 754
- Carloman maire du Palais d"Austrasie, puis devient moine. mort en 754
- Pepin III Le Bref roi des Francs. cf: dessous
- Griffon. mort en 753
- Bernard comte de Saint-Quentin et abbe de Saint-Quentin
- Jerome
- Fils naturel: Saint Remi archeveque de Rouen. mort en 771


Charles MARTEL,

Latin CAROLUS MARTELLUS, German KARL MARTELL (b. c. 688--d. Oct. 22, 741, Quierzy-sur-Oise, France), mayor of the palace of Austrasia (the eastern part of the Frankish kingdom) from 715 to 741, who reunited and ruled the entire Frankish realm and stemmed the Saracen invasion at Poitiers in 732. His byname, Martel, means "the hammer." A man of valiant determination, ambition, and ability, he strove incessantly to consolidate his power.

Background.

After the death of Dagobert I in 639, there had been no king of any worth in the Frankish kingdom. All of them were of the Merovingian line--idle, slothful, and bent on ease and luxury. The burden of rule lay upon the mayors of the palace, who in reality governed Austrasia, the eastern part of the Frankish kingdom, and Neustria, its western portion. These mayors not only controlled routine in the royal palace but also directed the political, social, and commercial life of the Franks. Neustria bitterly resented its conquest and annexation in 687 by Pepin of Herstal, mayor of Austrasia and father of Charles Martel, at the Battle of Tertry (Testry), near Péronne.

When in 714 Pepin of Herstal died, he left as heirs three grandsons, his legitimate children all being dead. Until his grandchildren came of age, Plectrude, Pepin"s widow, was to hold power. As an illegitimate son, Charles Martel was entirely neglected in the will. But he was young, strong, and determined, and a struggle for control at once began between him and Plectrude.

Both Charles and Plectrude faced rebellion throughout the Frankish kingdom when Pepin"s will was made known. The king, Chilperic II, was in the power of Ragenfrid, mayor of the palace of Neustria, who joined forces with an enemy of the Franks, Radbod, king of the Frisians in Holland, in order to eliminate Charles. Plectrude managed to imprison Charles, but he escaped, gathered an army, defeated King Chilperic and Mayor Ragenfrid, and conquered the hostile Neustrians. His success made resistance by Plectrude and the Austrasians useless; realizing the spirit and power of young Charles, they submitted, and by 719 Charles alone governed the Franks as mayor. Peace and order reigned in Austrasia and Neustria, so that by 724 Charles was free to deal with hostile elements elsewhere. This involved expeditions against the Saxons and the peoples of the lands near the Rhine and the Danube.

Battle of Poitiers.

Charles next crossed the Loire into Aquitaine, where one Eudes (Odo) was duke. Eudes, once an ally of Charles, had become disloyal and promptly called to his aid the Saracens, Moors from Africa, who, entering Spain in 711, had soon conquered it and were now (732) threatening Gaul. Led by their king, "Abd ar-Rahman, they marched for Bordeaux, there to burn churches and to plunder. From Bordeaux they went across Aquitaine to Poitiers. It was outside this city that Charles Martel came upon them and put them to flight.

In 733 Charles forced Burgundy to yield to his rule, and in 734 he subdued the Frisians. During 735 word arrived that Eudes was dead, and Charles marched rapidly across the Loire River in order to make his power felt around Bordeaux. In 736 he fought to secure his conquest of Burgundy, and there were further engagements against the Saracens during the 730s.

Charles Martel"s health began to fail in the late 730s, and in 741 he retired to his palace at Quierzy-sur-Oise, where he died soon after. Before his death he divided the Merovingian kingdom between his two legitimate sons, Pepin and Carloman. He had maintained the fiction of Merovingian rule all of his life, refraining from transferring the royal title to his own dynasty. (E.S.D./Ed.)

BIBLIOGRAPHY.

There is no modern biography; indispensable works on early Frankish history include J.M. Wallace-Hadrill, The Barbarian West, 400-1000, 3rd rev. ed. (1967, reissued 1985), and The Long-Haired Kings and Other Studies in Frankish History (1962, reprinted as The Long-Haired Kings, 1982).


<I001439> Charles Martel, King of FRANKS
<I001441> Father: Pippin II, Duke of FRANCE
<I000596> Mother: Alpaide (or AUPAIS)
BIRTH: 690
DEATH: 22 OCT 741, Kiersy-sur-Oise
Family 1:
<I000594> Rotrou of TREVES
<I001437> 1. Pippin III ("The Short"), King of FRANKS
<I001440> 2. Carloman
Family 2:
<I004329> Suanhilde of BAVARIA
<I004327> 1. Landrade

Notes

Known as "The Hammer," he was Mayor of the Palace and Frankish ruler; baptised by St. Rigobert, Bishop of Reims; ruled the Franks through Clothaire IV whom he made king of the Franks in name; consolidated his power in what is now France and laid the basis for the feudal system. "The characters of Charles Martel and his grandson Charlemagne offer many striking points of resemblance. Both were men of courage and activity, and the two men are often confused in the `chansons de geste."" {- Encycl. Brit., 1956, 5:293; cf. 9:599:} "Charles began the greatness of Austrasia...Frankish unity was re-established. He then defended Gaul against the Frisians, the Alamanni and the Bohemians. ...Charles proved himself another soldier of the cross by repelling the Moorish invasion at Poitiers (732)...." He reigned 714-741 and is buried at St. Denis.


Children of Charles Martel: Pepin the Short, Grifo and Carloman.


<B013221> Charles Martel (The_Hammer) CAROLING (King)
<B013224> Father: Pepin (The_Younger) II MEROVING (Mayor)
<B013225> Mother: Aupais (Alpais) ({Concubine})
OCCUPATION: King
BIRTH: 676/678, Quierzy,,France
DEATH: 22 OCT 741, Quierzy,,France
BURIAL: 741, St Denis Abbey,Seine St Denis,France
Family 1:
<B013222> Rotrou (Rotrude) Chotrud BOURGOGNE
<B022267> 1. Chiltrud CAROLING
<B013218> 2. Pepin (The_Short) III CAROLING (King)
<B024815> 3. Carloman CAROLING (King)
Family 2:
<B022266> Sunnichild Swanchilda AGILOLFINGES ({Concubine})
<B028332> 1. Landrade MEROVING
<B022268> 2. Grifo MEROVING
<B027392> 3. Auda MEROVING
Family 3:
<B028297> ({Concubine})
<B028295> 1. Bernard St_Quentin MEROVING (Duke)

Notes

Frankish King, Mayor of the Palace in Austrasia, victor at the Battle of Tours in Oct 732, stopping the Saracen invasion of Europe ensuring our Western Christian civilization; described as being descended from the ancient Burgundian Kings. The second source lists his DOB as 685. He was know as the "King Maker". He may have been born as late as 690. Mayor of the Palace; the First King of France. Major Domus in Austrasia.


CHARLES MARTEL
Latin CAROLUS MARTELLUS, German KARL MARTELL (b. c. 688--d. Oct. 22, 741, Quierzy-sur-Oise, France), mayor of the palace of Austrasia (the eastern part of the Frankish kingdom) from 715 to 741. He reunited and ruled the entire Frankish realm and stemmed the Muslim invasion at Poitiers in 732. His byname, Martel, means "the hammer."

Charles was the illegitimate son of Pepin of Herstal, the mayor of the palace of Austrasia. By this period the Merovingian kings of the Frankish realm were rulers in name only. The burden of rule lay upon the mayors of the palace, who governed Austrasia, the eastern part of the Frankish kingdom, and Neustria, its western portion. Neustria bitterly resented its conquest and annexation in 687 by Pepin, who, acting in the name of the king, had reorganized and reunified the Frankish realm.

The assassination of Pepin"s only surviving legitimate son in 714 was followed a few months later by the death of Pepin himself. Pepin left as heirs three grandsons, and until they came of age, Plectrude, Pepin"s widow, was to hold power. As an illegitimate son, Charles Martel was entirely neglected in the will. But he was young, strong, and determined, and an intense struggle for power at once broke out in the Frankish kingdom.

Both Charles and Plectrude faced rebellion throughout the Frankish kingdom when Pepin"s will was made known. The king, Chilperic II, was in the power of Ragenfrid, mayor of the palace of Neustria, who joined forces with the Frisians in Holland in order to eliminate Charles. Plectrude imprisoned Charles and tried to govern in the name of her grandchildren, but Charles escaped, gathered an army, and defeated the Neustrians in battles at Amblève near Liège (716) and at Vincy near Cambrai (717). His success made resistance by Plectrude and the Austrasians useless; they submitted, and by 719 Charles alone governed the Franks as mayor.

Assured of Austrasia, Charles now attacked Neustria itself, finally subduing it in 724. This freed Charles to deal with hostile elements elsewhere. He attacked Aquitaine, whose ruler, Eudes (Odo), had been an ally of Ragenfrid, but Charles did not gain effective control of southern France until late in his reign. He also conducted long campaigns, some as late as the 730s, against the Frisians, Saxons, and Bavarians, whose brigandage endangered the eastern frontiers of his kingdom. In order to consolidate his military gains, Charles supported St. Boniface and other missionaries in their efforts to convert the German tribes on the eastern frontier to Christianity.

Ever since their arrival in Spain from Africa in 711, the Muslims had raided Frankish territory, threatening Gaul and on one occasion (725) reaching Burgundy and sacking Autun. In 732 "Abd ar-Rahman, the governor of Córdoba, marched into Bordeaux and defeated Eudes. The Muslims then proceeded north across Aquitaine to the city of Poitiers. Eudes appealed to Charles for assistance, and Charles" cavalry managed to turn back the Muslim onslaught at the Battle of Poitiers. The battle itself may have been only a series of small engagements, but after it there were no more great Muslim invasions of Frankish territory.

In 733 Charles began his campaigns to force Burgundy to yield to his rule. In 735 word arrived that Eudes was dead, and Charles marched rapidly across the Loire River in order to make his power felt around Bordeaux. By 739 he had completely subdued the petty chieftains of Burgundy, and he continued to fend off Muslim advances into Gaul during the decade.

Charles" health began to fail in the late 730s, and in 741 he retired to his palace at Quierzy-sur-Oise, where he died soon after. Before his death he divided the Merovingian kingdom between his two legitimate sons, Pepin and Carloman. He continued to maintain the fiction of Merovingian rule, refraining from transferring the royal title to his own dynasty.

BIBLIOGRAPHY.
There is no modern biography; indispensable works on early Frankish history include J.M. Wallace-Hadrill, The Barbarian West, 400-1000, 3rd rev. ed. (1967, reissued 1985), and The Long-Haired Kings and Other Studies in Frankish History (1962, reprinted as The Long-Haired Kings, 1982). (E.S.D./Ed.)

Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica


Charles Martel Carolingien
Duc des Austrasiens (715), maire du Palais d"Austrasie (716), maire du Palais de Neustrie and de Bourgogne (719).
(Charles Carolingien)

Born about 688.
Died in 741.
Parents
Pepin de Herstal Carolingien, duc des Austrasiens ca 635-714
Alpaide ?
Marriages and children
Allied about 705 to Rotrude ? +724, with
Carloman ca 715-ca 755
Pepin le Bref ca 715-768
Chiltrude +754
Allied about 725 to Sonnechilde ? +740/, with
Griffon 726-753
Allied to ? ?, with
Remi +ca 772


Charles Martel

Mayor/Palace .

Born in 689 - of,Heristal,Liege,Belgium.
Died on October 22, 741 - Quierzy,Aisne,,France.
Buried - monastery,St denis,Seine,France.

Parents

Pepin of II Heristal, Mayor ca 635-714
Alpaide Concubine_1 (Aupais) Austrasia *ca 654

Marriages and children

Allied to Rotrude Austrasia, Duchess ca 690-ca 724, with
Carloman Franks ca 713-755
Pepin III "the_Short" Franks 714-768
Childtrude Bavaria ca 716-ca 754
Auda x
Landree Hesbaye
Bernard x +ca 784
Allied to Sonichilde Austrasia
Allied - not married, to Mrs Austrasia, concubine
Allied to Chunehild ?
Allied to Galiana ?

Notes

IGI=bd 676
Stuart p. 85, 129, 231: NAME Charles (Karl) Martel "the Hammer", of Heristol,
Leige, Belgium; Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia, King of the Franks, 724;
victor at the Battle of Poitiers, 676


Rotrude Austrasia
Duchess .
(Rotrude (Chrotrude) Austrasia)
Born about 690 - of,Austrasia,,France.
Died about 724.
Parents
St Treves, Bishop ca 665-713
N x


Sonichilde Austrasia
(Sonichilde, Sunihilde, Swanhilde, Austrasia)
Notes
=8HX9-XT
MAR DT listed as Jun 21, 1955 wrong


<Y003864> Charles MARTEL
<Y003865> Father: PEPIN II D"HERISTAL
<Y003866> Mother: Alpaide CHALPAIDA
BIRTH: 23 Aug 688, France
DEATH: 6 Dec 741, France
Family 1:
<Y002924> ROTRUDE
<Y003862> 1. PEPIN III THE SHORT
<Y003870> 2. CARLOMAN

Notes

from Broederbund WFT Vol. 2, Ed. 1, Tree #5805: "Charles The Hammer King
of France Martel"
King, Mayor of the Palace in 719 AD (Broederbund WFT Vol. 2, Ed. 1, Tree
#3067)
b. 676 in Heristal, Belgium, d. 10-22-741 in France (Broederbund WFT Vol.
1, Ed. 1, Tree #986)
d. 10-22-741 in Quierzy, France (Broederbund WFT Vol. 2, Ed. 1, Tree #976)


Charles DE FRANCIE

(Charles Martel DE FRANCIE)

Maire du Palais, Duc
Born about 685.
Died on October 22, 741 - 02300 Quierzy.

Parents

Pepin II D"HERSTAL ca 640-714
Alpaïs DE BRUYERES ca 660-705

Marriages and children

Allied to Rotrude DE TREVES ca 695-724, with
Pepin III le Bref ca 715-768
Aude */724
Allied after 724 to Suanahild DE BAVIERE *ca 705
Allied to Ruodhaid N... *ca 720
Allied to ? ?, with
Bernard DE SAINT-QUENTIN ca 730-809

Notes

Profession : Maire.du.Palais d"Austrasie,
Maire du Palais de Neustrie, Duc des Francs


MARTEL, Charles "The Hammer" of Franks (King of the Franks).
b.ca.688
d.22 Oct 741 in Quierzy, Aisne, France
son of Pepin II of "The Fat" Heristol (Duke of Austrasis) and Aupais (Elphide Alpais Chalpaida)
m.Rotrud (Chrotrude) of ALEMANIA (dau.of Lievin (Liutwin Leutwinus) of Treves (Saint, Bishop of Treves) and Dau of Chrodobertus II , dau.of Chrodobertus II (Chancelor)).
Children:
1.Landree of HESBAYE (m. Sigrand (Sigramus) of HESBAYE)
2.Bernard (Duke)
3.Carloman of AUSTRASIA (Mayor of the Palace)
4.Aude (m. Makir Theodoric AYMERI, Thierry of AUTUN)
5.Pepin III "The Short" of the FRANKS (Mayor of the Palace).

Notes

Political Events, 732
The Battle of Tours near Poitiers October 11 ends the menace of a 90,000-man Moorish army that has invaded southern France under the Yemenite Abd ar-Rahman, who has crossed the Pyrenees, captured and burned Bordeaux, defeated an army under Eudo, duke of Aquitaine, and destroyed the basilica of St. Hilary at Poitiers. The Moors march on Tours, attracted by the riches of its famous church of St. Martin, but they are routed in battle by the Frankish leader Charles Martel (Charles the Hammer), 44, whose men kill Abd ar-Rahman. The Moors retreat to the Pyrenees, and their advance into Europe is terminated, partly by their loss to Charles Martel and partly by a revolt of the Berbers in North Africa

Political Events, 735
Charles Martel, mayor of Austrasia and Neustria, conquers Burgundy

Political Events, 739
Pope Gregory III asks Charles Martel to help fight the Lombards, Greeks, and Arabs

Political Events, 741
Charles Martel dies October 22 at age 53 after dividing his realms between his elder son Carloman and younger son Pepin (or Pippin), although the country has had no true king since the death of Theodoric in 737. Lands to the east, including Austrasia, Alemannia, and Thuringia, have gone to Carloman along with suzerainty over Bavaria, while Pepin has received Neustria, Burgundy, and Provence. Source: The People"s Chronology is licensed from Henry Holt and Company, Inc. Copyright © 1994 by James Trager. All rights reserved.
------------
Charles Martel (circa 688-741), Carolingian ruler of the Frankish kingdom of Austrasia (in present northeastern France and southwestern Germany). Charles, whose surname means "the hammer," was the son of Pepin of Herstal and the grandfather of Charlemagne. Pepin was mayor of the palace under the last kings of the Merovingian dynasty. When he
d.in 714, Charles, an illegitimate son, was imprisoned by his father"s widow, but he escaped in 715 and was proclaimed mayor of the palace by the Austrasians. A war between Austrasia and the Frankish kingdom of Neustria (now part of France) followed, and at the end of it Charles became the undisputed ruler of all the Franks. Although he was engaged in wars against the Alamanni, Bavarians, and Saxons, his greatest achievements were against the Muslims from Spain, who invaded France in 732. Charles defeated them near Poitiers in a great battle in which the Muslim leader, Abd-ar-Rahman, the emir of Spain, was killed. The progress of Islam, which had filled all Christendom with alarm, was thus checked for a time. Charles drove the Muslims out of the Rhône valley in 739, when they had again advanced into France as far as Lyon, leaving them nothing of their possessions north of the Pyrenees beyond the Aude River. Charles d.in Quierzy, on the Oise River, leaving the kingdom divided between his two sons, Carloman and Pepin the Short. Source: "Charles Martel," Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved


Charles Martel
Father: Pepin II de Heristal
Mother: Elphide
BIRTH: ca. 676, Heristal, Liege, Belgia
DEATH: 22.10.741, Quierzy, Aisne, Frankrike
Family 1:
Rotinde
1. Pepin I le Bref

Notes

King of Frankerne.


<G000435> Martel CHARLES (Mayor/Palace)
BIRTH: ABT 676, of,Heristal,Liege,Belgium
DEATH: 22 OCT 741, Quierzy,Quierzy,Aisne,France
BURIAL: Monastery,St Denis,Seine,France


Karl Martell = Karl der Hammer X

(Karl X)
(Karl Martell = Karl Der Hammer...)


Born about 676
Died on October 22, 741, Ciersy
Buried - St. Denis

Parents

Pippin von Herstal = Pippin der Mittlere X +714
Chalpaida = Alpais ?

Marriages and children

Married to Chrodtrud ? +ca 725, with
Pippin der Jüngere = "der Kurze" 714-768


Charles Martel
Born in 676, Heristal, Liege (Belgium)
Died on October 22, 741, Quierzy-sur-Oise, Aisne, France
Parents
Pepin II de Heristal Duc de Austrasia & Brabant 635-714
Elphide (Chalpaida) (de Heristal) 654
Marriages and children
Married to Chrotrud Of Allemania Dss Of Austrasia 690-724, with
Jerome Of The Franks
Bernard Duke Of Franks
Carloman Prince Of Franks 713-755
Pepin III the Short King Of Franks 714-768
Married to Galiana Of The Saracens 712
Married to X Sunnichild (Suanhilde) 691, with
Grifo Of The Franks +753
Childtrude Hiltrude Dss Of Bavaria 716-754
Married to ? ?, with
Aude Of The Franks
Notes
Charles "Martel", Mayor Of The Palace Of Austrasia ruled the Merovingian Franks from A.D. 719 to 741. He used only the title of Mayor of the Palace, but he actually had the power of a king. Most of the lawful Frankish kings of this period were weak. In 732, Charles defeated the invading Moslems in the famous Battle of Tours near Poitiers. For repeatedly attacking the Moslems, Charles later received the title of Martel, meaning the Hammer. He built an army of mounted men by seizing church
estates. Charles supported Saint Boniface in his reform of the Frankish church.

Source: "The World Book Encyclopedia", 1968, C295. "Royalty for Commoners", Roderick W. Stuart, 1993, p 129, 196.
"Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne"s Descendants", Langston & Buck, 1986, p cvi.


Charles "Martel", Mayor Austrasia

Born in 676, Of,Heristal,Liege,Belgium
Died on October 22, 741, Quierzy,Aisne,France
Buried - Monastery,St Denis,Seine,France

Parents

Pepin, Mayor Of Austrasia ca 635-714
Alpaide, concubine 1 Austrasia ca 654

Marriages and children

Married to Chunehild ?
Married to Galiana ?
Married, Not Married, to Mrs-Charles "Martel", Concubine Austrasia
Married on June 21, 1955 to Sonichilde (Sunihilde, Swanhilde) Austrasia
Married to Rotrude (Chrotude), Duchess_Of Austrasia ca 690-ca 724, with
Carloman, Prince Of Franks ca 713-755
Pepin "the Short", Franks 714-768
Childtrude (Hiltrude), Duchess Bavaria ca 716-ca 754


Francs, Charles Martel de_la Major Domus
Birth : 676/689 Heristal,Liege
Death : 22 OCT 741 Quirzy,Aisne,,France
Father: Austrasie, Pepin II Heuristal Major Domus
Mother: , Elphide Alpaida Chalpaida

Marriage: AFT 696
Chrotrud Rotrou
Birth : ABT 690
Death : 724/725
[dau.of Leutwinus Saint by Rodobertus, Daughter]
Children:
1.Jerome
Birth : AFT 696
2.Austrien, Karlmann I von Major Domus
3.Hildegard Hiltrud
4.France, Pepin III le_Bref Roi
5.France, Gisela de

Marriage: AFT 715
Sunnichild
Birth : ABT 700
Children:
6.Grifo
Birth : AFT 716
Death : 753
7.Chiltrud

Marriage: AFT 717
Ruodhaid
Birth : ABT 700
Children:
8.France, Bernhard de
9.Hieronymus
Birth : AFT 717
10.Rouen, Remigius de Eveque
Birth : AFT 717
Death : 771


Charles Martel Carolingien
duc des Austrasiens (715), maire du Palais d"Austrasie (716), maire du Palais de Neustrie and de Bourgogne (719)
(Charles Carolingien)
Born about 688
Died in 741
Parents
Pepin II de Herstal Carolingien, duc des Austrasiens ca 635-714
Alpaide Von Sachsen
Marriages and children
Married about 705 to Rotrude de Treves +724, with
Carloman ca 715-ca 755
Pepin le Bref ca 715-768
Chiltrude +754
Married about 725 to Sonnechilde ? +740/, with
Griffon 726-753
Married to ? ?, with
Remi +ca 772
Married to Swanahilde de Baviere, with
Aude de France
Married to Rothaide ?, with
Hieronymus Martel


Notes

Rotrude de Treves
Died in 724
Parents
Lievin de Poitiers [son of Warin de Poitiers by Gunza de Treves]
Willigarde de Haspengau


Charles "The Hammer" Martel
"Duke Of All Franks"
(Charles Martel)
(Charles "The Hammer"...)
Born about 675, Heristal,Liege,Belgium
Died on 22 October 741, Quierzy,Aisne,France

Parents
Pepin II Legros x, Duke Of Franks 635-714
X Alpaide, Concubine 1 Of Austrasi ca 654

Marriages and children

Married to X Swanhilde ca 680, with
Nn ca 710

Married about 712 to Rotrude (Chrotude) Treves, Duchess Of A Rotrude ca 690-ca 724, with
Landree ca 687
Carolman Carolingians ca 698-754
Pepin III "The Short" Carolingians 714-768
Aude ca 740
Bernard ca 743

Notes

REIGNED: Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia (714-41)
"The Hammer"
Illegitimate son of the Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia, part of the Frankish Kingdom.
Also became Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia. (717) King of Franks (719-741)
Victor over the Saracens at Tours in 732 (Poictiers)
!Carolingian ruler of the Frankish kingdom of Austrasia (in present northeastern France and southwestern Germany). Charles, whose surname means the hammer, was the son of Pepin of Herstal and the grandfather of Charlemagne. Pepin was mayor of the palace under the last kings of the Merovingian dynasty. When he died in 714, Charles, an illegitimate son, was imprisoned by his father"s widow, but he escaped in 715 and was proclaimed mayor of the palace by the Austrasians. A war between Austrasia and the Frankish kingdom of Neustria (now part of France) followed, and at the end of it Charles became the undisputed ruler of all the Franks. Although he was engaged in wars against the Alamanni, Bavarians, and Saxons, his greatest achievements were against the Muslims from Spain, who invaded France in 732. Charles defeated them near Poitiers in a great battle in which the Muslim leader, Abd-ar-Rahman, the emir of Spain, was killed. The progress of Islam, which had filled all Christendom with alarm, was thus checked for a time. Charles drove the Muslims out of the Rhone valley in 739, when they had again advanced into France as far as Lyon, leaving them nothing of their possessions north of the Pyrenees beyond the Aude River. Charles died in Quierzy, on the Oise River, leaving the kingdom divided between his two sons, Carloman (circa 715-54) and Pepin the Short.
FILE: Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia Copyright 1994, Columbia University Press. ; The Royal Line (Adamic Genealogy) March 1980, Albert F. Schmuhl

Carolingian ruler of the Frankish kingdom of Austrasia (in present northeastern France and southwestern Germany). Charles, whose surname means the hammer. Pepin was mayor of the palace under the last kings of the Merovingian dynasty. When he died in 714, Charles, an illegitimate son, was imprisoned by his father"s widow, but he escaped in 715 and was proclaimed mayor of the palace by the Austrasians. A war between Austrasia and the Frankish kingdom of Neustria (now part of France) followed, and at the end of it Charles became the undisputed ruler of all the Franks. Although he was engaged in wars against the Alamanni, Bavarians, and Saxons, his greatest achievements were against the Muslims from Spain, who invaded France in 732. Charles defeated them near Poitiers in a great battle in which the Muslim leader, Abd-ar-Rahman, the emir of Spain, was killed. The progress of Islam, which had filled all Christendom with alarm, was thus checked for a time. Charles drove the Muslims out of the Rhone valley in 739, when they had again advanced into France as far as Lyon, leaving them nothing of their possessions north of the Pyrenees beyond the Aude River. Charles died in Quierzy, on the Oise River, leaving the kingdom divided between his two sons, Carloman and Pepin the Short."Charles Martel," Microsoft (R) Encarta. Copyright (c) 1994 Microsoft Corporation. Copyright (c) 1994 Funk & Wagnall"s Corporation.

732 Charles victory over the Arbs in the Battle of Tours and Poiters stems the tide of their westward advance.
735 Conquers Burgundy
739 Pope Gregory III asks Charles Martel for help against lombards, Greeks and Arabs.
741 Charles dying, his son Pepin "The Short" becomes mayor of the Frankish Court.
"The Timetables of History, The new Third Revised Edition, by Bernard Grun, 1975"


Charles Martel (° v. 676-Quiercy-sur-Oise, 741, inhume a Sainte-Denis), maire du Palais d"Autrasie et du palais de Neustrie, duc de France (737-741), bat les Arabes a Poitiers en 732 ep. 1°. Rotrude ou Chotrude (? 724); 2°. Suanahilde ou Sonichilde. Dont :
- Du premier lit :
1. Carloman (° v. 715-755), gouverneur de l"Autrasie, de la Souabe et de Thuringe (741), abdique en 747.
2. Pepin "Le Bref", roi de Neustrie, qui suit.
3. Hiltrude ou Chiltrude (? 754) ep. v. 741, Odilon, duc de Baviere (? 748).
- Du second lit :
4. Grippon ou Griffon (? 753), duc de Baviere en 749.


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