Louis I the Pious- King of Aquitaine(781-814), Emperor(813-840), Duke of Alemannia(833-839)
Louis I the Pious- King of Aquitaine(781-814), Emperor(813-840), Duke of Alemannia(833-839)
Louis I Le Pieux ou Le Debonnaire roi d"Aquitaine 781-813, puis devient co empereur d"Occident 813-814, puis devient empereur d"Occident 814-817, puis devient co empereur d"Occident 817-833 et 834-840
epouse: Irmengarde ou Ermengarde fille d"Ingramm comte de Hesbaye. morte en 818. cf: Dynastie Robertide
epouse: Judith fille de Welf I comte d"Altdorf. morte en 843. cf: Dynastie des Guelfes
- Lothaire I co empereur d"Occident 817-833, roi d"Italie 818-833, puis devient empereur d"Occident et roi d"Italie 833-834, puis devient co empereur d"Occident et roi d"Italie 834-840, puis devient empereur d"Occident et roi d"Italie 840-843, puis devient empereur d"Occident et roi d"Italie et roi de Lotharingie 843-844, puis devient empereur d"Occident et roi de Lotharingie 844-855
- Pepin I d"Aquitaine roi d"Aquitaine 817-838
- Louis I ou II Le Germanique ou Le Pieux roi de Baviere 817-843, puis devient roi de Germanie 843-876
- Hildegarde abbesse de Laon
- Gisele. morte en 874
- Charles II Le Chauve roi des Francs. cf: dessous
byname LOUIS THE PIOUS, or THE DEBONAIR, French LOUIS LE PIEUX, or LE DÉBONNAIRE, German LUDWIG DER FROMME (b. 778, Chasseneuil, near Poitiers, Aquitaine--d. June 20, 840, Petersaue, Ger.), son of the Frankish ruler Charlemagne; he was crowned as co-emperor in 813 and became emperor in 814 on his father"s death. Twice deprived of his authority by his sons (Lothair, Pepin, Louis, and Charles), he recovered it each time (830 and 834), but at his death the Carolingian empire was in disarray.
Louis was the fifth child of Charlemagne"s second wife, Hildegard the Swabian. From 781 until 814 Louis ruled Aquitaine with some success, though largely through counsellors. When Charlemagne died at Aachen in 814 and was succeeded by Louis, by then his only surviving legitimate son, Louis was well experienced in warfare; he was 36, married to Irmengard of Hesbaye, and was the father of three young sons, Lothair, Pepin, and Louis (Louis the German); he had inherited vast lands, which seemed to be under reasonable control; there was no other claimant to the throne; and on Sept. 11, 813, shortly before his father"s death, Louis had been crowned in Aachen as heir and co-emperor.
Louis" first task was to carry out the terms of Charlemagne"s will. According to the Frankish chronicler Einhard, Louis did this with great scrupulousness, although other contemporary sources tell a different story.
Louis next began to allocate parts of the empire to the various members of his family, and here began the difficulties and disasters that were to beset him for the remainder of his life. In August 814 he made Lothair and Pepin nominal kings of Bavaria and Aquitaine. He also confirmed Bernard, the son of his dead brother Pepin, as king of Italy, which position Charlemagne had allowed him to inherit in 813. But when Bernard revolted in 817, Louis had him blinded, and he died as a result of it. Louis sent his sisters and half sisters to nunneries and later put his three illegitimate half brothers--Drogo, Hugo, and Theodoric--into monasteries.
At the assembly of Aachen in July 817, he confirmed Pepin in the possession of Aquitaine and gave Bavaria to Louis the German; Lothair he made his co-emperor and heir. Charlemagne had been in his 70s and within a few months of death before naming his heir, and for Louis to give such premature expectations to a youth of 22 was to ask for trouble. Moreover, Louis did not anticipate that he would become father of another child: the empress Irmengard died in 818; and four months later Louis married Judith of Bavaria, who, in June 823, bore him a son, Charles (Charles the Bald), to whom the Emperor gave Alemannia in 829.
Backed by his two brothers, Lothair rose in revolt and deposed his father. The assembly of Nijmegen in October 830, however, restored Louis to the throne; and, the following February, at the assembly of Aachen, in a second partition, Lothair was given Italy. In 832 Louis took Aquitaine away from Pepin and gave it to Charles. The three brothers revolted a second time, with the support of Pope Gregory IV, and at a meeting near Sigolsheim, in Alsace, once more deposed their father. In March 834 Louis was again restored to the throne and made peace with Pepin and with Louis the German. Later in 834, Lothair rose again, but alone, and had to retreat into Italy. Encouraged by his success, Louis made over more territories to his son Charles at the assemblies of Aachen and Nijmegen (837-838)--a move the three brothers accepted but with bad grace. In 839 Louis the German revolted but was driven back into Bavaria.
Meanwhile, Pepin had died (December 838), and, at the assembly of Worms (May 30, 839), a fourth partition was made, the empire being divided between Lothair and Charles, with Bavaria left in the hands of Louis the German. Toward the end of 839 Louis the German marched his troops for the last time against his father, who once more drove him back. The Emperor called an assembly at Worms on July 1, 840. Before it could meet, however, Louis the Pious died at Petersaue, an island in the Rhine near Ingelheim. He was 62 and had ruled for nearly 27 years. He was buried in the Church of St. Arnulf in Metz by Bishop Drogo, his half brother.
The empire he had inherited in peace, Louis left in disarray. He had engaged in no serious external conflict, although the Danes and others had continued to make inroads into the empire. From 829 his four sons had been a constant source of disruption; the quarrels among Lothair, Louis the German, and Charles the Bald were to continue for decades after his death. In many ways Louis seems to have been an estimable person. He was presumably given the epithet the Pious because of his devoutness, his liberality to the church, his interest in ecclesiastical affairs, and the good education he had received. Contemporary historians vary little in their judgment: the Astronomer of Limousin stresses his continued courage in the face of adversity; Thegan, bishop of Trier, gives a long and admiring description of his person, his talents, his Christian charity, his devoutness, and his skill as a hunter; and the poem of Ermoldus Nigellus is full of adulation.
Like his father, Charlemagne, Louis the Pious is depicted in several of the chansons de geste of the 12th century, notably the Chanson de Guillaume, the Couronnement de Louis, and the Charroi de Nîmes: he appears as a kindly ruler but a weak and vacillating one.
An excellent study of Louis I in English is that of René Poupardin in the Cambridge Medieval History, vol. 3, ch. 1 (1922), with bibliography.
Verdun, Treaty of
(August 843), treaty partitioning the Carolingian empire among the three surviving sons of the emperor Louis I the Pious. The treaty was the first stage in the dissolution of the empire of Charlemagne and foreshadowed the formation of the modern countries of western Europe. Louis I had carefully planned his three elder sons" inheritances; but from 829 onward his attempts to allocate substantial territory to the future Charles II the Bald, his young son by a second wife, led to revolts by Charles"s half brothers. After Louis"s death (840) open warfare broke out; Louis"s third son, Louis the German, allied with Charles in attacking the eldest son, the emperor Lothair I. Defeated at Fontenoy, in present Belgium (June 841), and driven from Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen, Ger., 842), Lothair sued for peace. At Verdun (in present northeastern France) the following year, Lothair was confirmed in possession of the imperial title and received Francia Media, a long central strip of territory including parts of modern Belgium, The Netherlands, western Germany, eastern France, Switzerland, and much of Italy. Louis the German received Francia Orientalis, the land east of the Rhine River. Charles received Francia Occidentalis, the remainder of modern France.
<B013268> Louis I (Le_Debonnaire) CAROLING (King of Franks)
<B013216> Father: Charlemagne CAROLING (King of Franks)
<B013217> Mother: Hildegarde of Lizgau SCHWABIEN
OCCUPATION: King of Franks
BIRTH: BEF 15 AUG 778, Chassenueil,Aquitaine,France
DEATH: 20 JUN 840, Ingelheim,Aquitaine,Germany
BURIAL: 840, Abbey of Metz,,,France
<B023660> 1. Arnulf CAROLING (Count of Sens)
<B023624> Ermengarde d"Esbay de HASBAIGNE
<B023661> 1. Alpaid Elpheid CAROLING
<B023659> 2. Lothair Lotharius I CAROLING (King of Lombards)
<B023658> 3. Pepin I CAROLING (King)
<B023649> 4. Louis (The_German) II CAROLING (King of Bavaria)
<B013717> Judith Altdorf WELF
<B023648> 1. Gisele de_Baviere CAROLING
<B013719> 2. Charles II (Le_Chauve) CAROLING (King of Franks)
<B024839> 3. Frisia CAROLING
He had an illegitimate daughter, Alpais (Alpaid). Arnulf was added by the Royals.zip from Compuserve). His first concubine"s name is unknown. He then married twice and had four sons and two daughters. He was King of Aquitaine. He was twin to Lothair. King of Franks and Emporer of the West (814-840) He was also known as "The Pious", "The Fair" or "The Gentle". Rex Francorum (King of Framce), Holy Roman Emporer (814)
Source: Pedigrees of ... Descendants of Charlemagne, p 132; Genealogy of the Kings of France; Royals.zip (Compuserve); Ahnentafel for Edward III of England
NAME Louis I the Pious //
TITL Holy Roman Emperor,King of France,Germany,Aquitane
BAPM DATE 15 APR 781
BAPM PLAC Rome
EVEN TYPE Reigned
EVEN DATE 814/840
<I000778> Louis I "The Pious", King of AQUITAINE
<I000632> Father: Charles the Great, Emperor CHARLEMAGNE
<I000633> Mother: Hildegard of SWABIA
BIRTH: AUG 778, Chassenueil, Aquitaine
DEATH: 20 JUN 840, near Ingelheim
<I004324> Irmengarde of HASBAYE
<I008176> 1. UNKNOWN DAU. OF LOUIS I
<I001735> 2. Lothair I (King of Italy), EMPEROR
<I000779> Judith of BAVARIA
<I002009> 1. Adilheid
<I001762> 2. Louis "the German", King of East FRANKS
<I002285> 3. Gisela (Gisele of FRANCE)
<I001464> 4. Charles II "The Bald", King of AQUITAINE
Emperor, 814-840. He m. (1) 794-5 Irmengarde, dau. of Ingram, Count of Haspen. Louis I died on an island in the Rhine River near Ingelheim and is buried in the Church of St. Arnulf at Metz; Encyclopaedia Britannica (1950; 14:410) states that Lotha(i)r was his son by Irmengarde. Louis I is also known as "le Debonaire". He was King of France (814-840), King of Germany (814-40), and
King of Aquitaine (781-840).
Louis Ier le Pieux
Louis Ier le Debonnaire
Roi d"Aquitaine (781-814), associe a l"Empire (813), empereur d"Occident (814-840).
Born in 778.
Died on 20th of June 840.
Charlemagne Carolingien, empereur d"Occident 747-814
Hildegarde de Vintschgau +783
Marriages and children
Allied about 794 to Ermengarde de Hesbaye +818, with
Lothaire Ier de Germanie ca 795-855
Pepin Ier ca 803-838
Louis Ier le Germanique ca 806-876
Allied in 819 to Judith de Baviere ca 800-843, with
Charles II le Chauve 823-877
Louis I "the_Pious" Holy_Roman_Empir
Born in August 778 - Casseneuil,Lot-Et-Garonne,,France.
Baptized on October 6, 977.
Died on June 20, 840 - near,Ingelheim,Rhinehessen,Hesse.
Buried - Aachen Cathedral,Aachen,Rheinland,Prussia.
Charlemagne Holy_Roman_Empir, Emperor 742-814
Hildegard Holy_Roman_Empir, Empress 758-783
Marriages and children
Allied maybe in 794 - ,,,France, to Ermengarde Hesbaye, Princess ca 778-818, with
Pepin I of Aquitaine ca 803-ca 835
Lothaire I [Emperor] 795-855
Louis II (Ludwig)_of The_East_Franks ca 806-876
Rotrude *ca 808
Hildegarde ca 812-841/
Allied in February 819 to Judith Holy_Roman_Empir, Princess/Bavaria ca 800-843, with
Gisle ca 818-876
Charles II "the_Bald" 823-877
Allied - not married, to Mrs x +840, with
Alpaide *ca 800
NAME Louis I "the Pious" Emperor of the /Holy ROMAN EMPIRE/
Morby p. 77, 122: King of the Franks 814-840; Emperorof the West 813 or 814-840
Fletcher p. 30: a subkingdom called Aquitaine was carved out of the Empire (or
out of the Frankish kingdom) in 781
Stuart p. 130: B PL= Casseneuil, Leige (or Lot-en-Garonne), France.
(Ermengarde of Hesbaye)
Born about 778 - of Hesbaye,Liege,,Belgium.
Died on October 3, 818 - Angers,Maine-Et-Loire,,France.
Ingeramne Hesbaye, Count *ca 753
TITL [EMPRESS OF THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE]
Stuart p. 246: DD=3 or 30 Oct 818
(Judith [Empress] of Holy_Roman_Empir)
Born about 800 - ,,,Bavaria.
Died on April 19, 843 - Tours,,Indre-Et-Loire,France.
Welf I Bavaria, Duke ca 776-819
Hedwig Chelles, Abbesss *ca 780
NAME Judith, Empress of the /Holy ROMAN EMPIRE/
Stuart p. 130: NAME Judith of Bavaria (of Altorf)
<Y003890> LOUIS I THE PIOUS
<Y003859> Father: CHARLEMAGNE
<Y003860> Mother: HILDEGARDE
BIRTH: 25 Sep 778, Chasseneuil, Aquitaine
DEATH: 20 Jun 840, Petersaue, Germany
<Y003889> 1. ADELAIDE
Emperor of the West from 813 to 840 AD (Broederbund WFT Vol. 2, Ed. 1,
Louis Ier le Debonnaire DE FRANCIE
(Louis DE FRANCIE)
Born on April 16, 778 - 86360 Chasseneuil.
Died on June 20, 840 - Ingelheim ALLEMAGNE.
Buried on July 1, 874 - 57000 Metz St Arnulf.
Charlemagne DE FRANCIE 747-814
Hildegarde DE VINTZAU ca 757-783
Marriages and children
Allied in 793 to Theudelinde DE SENS ca 775-/794, with
Allied in 794 to Ermengarde DE HASPENGAU 778-818, with
Lothaire Ier DE GERMANIE 795-855
Louis II le Germanique DE GERMANIE 806-876
Allied in February 819 to Judith D"ALTDORF 805-843, with
Charles II le Chauve DE FRANCE 823-877
Profession : Roi d"Aquitaine en 781,
Empereur d"Occident de 814 au 20 Juin 840.
AQUITAINE, Louis I "The Pious" of (King of France).
b.16 Apr 778 in Casseneuil, France
d.20 Jun 840 in Castle of Ingelheim, Germany
son of Charlemagne "Charles the Great" (King of the Franks) and Hildegarde of Vinzgau (Queen
C"tess of Linzgau), dau.of Gerold I of ALLEMANIA (Duke of Allemania)
1st m.N. before 798.
2.Arnulf of SENS.
m.Ermengarde of HESBANIA (dau.of Ingerman (Ingram) of Hesbaye (Count of Hesbaye)) ca.798.
3.Adelaide of FRANCE (Princess of France) (m. Robert I of FRANCE)
4.Lothar (Lothaire) I of GERMANY (Emperor)
5.Pepin I of
6.Rotrud (Matilda Hildegard) (m. Gerard (Gerhard) I of AUVERGNE)
7.Hildegard (m. Gerhard of AUVERGNE)
8.Louis II "The German"
m.Judith of BAVARIA (dau.of Guelph (Welf) of Alemannia (Count d"Andech) and Edith (Heilwig) of Saxony) ca.819.
9.Gisele (Gisela) of FRANCE (Princess of France) (m. Eberhard of FRIULI)
10.Charles II "The Bald" of FRANCE (King of France).
Louis I (Holy Roman Empire), called The Pious (778-840), Holy Roman emperor (814-840), king of France (814-840), king of Germany (814-840), and king of Aquitaine (781-840). He was the son and sole successor of Charlemagne. In 817 Louis made plans for an orderly succession among his sons: Lothair I, Louis II (Louis the German), and Pepin of Aquitaine. Later he wanted to include in the succession Charles II (Charles the Bald), his son by a second marriage. Dissatisfied, his older sons rebelled (830, 833) against him and fought among themselves for supremacy as well. Pepin
d.in 838, and in 843 the empire was divided among the three surviving brothers (see Verdun, Treaty of). Source: "Louis I (Holy Roman Empire)," Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved
Louis I le Pieux
Mother: Hildegard de Vintzau
BIRTH: 08.778, Chassenueil, Lot-et-Garonne, Aquitaine
DEATH: 20.06.840, nær Ingelheim, Rhinehesse, Tyskland
Judith von Bavaria
1. Gisela de Baviere
2. Charles II le Chauve
Ermengarde de Hesbaye
1. Lothaire I
Romersk keiser, fransk konge, tysk konge 814 - 840.
King in Aguitaine 781 - 840.
Le Pieux betyr "den fromme".
<G000392> The_Pious LOUIS (HolyRoman Empire)
BIRTH: AUG 778, Casseneuil,Casseneuil,Lot-Et-Garonne,France
Ludwig der Fromme = Louis le Pieux oder Débonnaire
(Ludwig Der Fromme = Louis Le Pieux Oder Débonnaire...)
Born after April 16, 778, Chassenneuil, near Dropt, Gironde
Died on June 20, 840, (auf Rheininsel bei Ingelheim)
Buried - Metz
Karl der Grosse = Carolus Magnus = Charlemagne X 742-814
Hildegardis von Schwaben X 758-783
Marriages and children
Married about 793 to N.N. (Konkubine) ?, with
Alpais = Elpheid = Alphedis von Franken ca 794-852/
Arnulf, Graf von Sens ca 794-841/
Married about 794 to Ermengard = Yrmingard vom Haspengau X +818, with
Lothar I., röm. Kaiser, King of Italy 795-855
Pippin I. von Aquitanien ca 797-838
Rotrud (or Hildegard} ca 800-841/
Hildegard (or Rotrud) ca 802-841/
Ludwig II. der Deutsche = König der Ostfranken ca 806-876
Married in February 819 to Judith Welf von Altorf X ca 805-843, with
Gisela von Franken ca 819-874/
Karl II. der Kahle = Charles le Chauve 823-877
Ermengard = Yrmingard vom Haspengau X
(Ermengard = Yrmingard Vom Haspengau...)
Died on October 3, 818
Ingram, Graf vom Haspengau ?
Judith Welf von Altorf X
(Judith Welf Von Altorf...)
Born about 805
Died on April 19, 843, Tours
Welf I., Graf von Altorf, aus bayrischem Geschlecht X +ca 825
Eigilwi = Heilwich, aus sächsischem Geschlecht des Hz. Widukind ?
Louis I the Pious de Aquitaine King Of France
(Louis King Of France)
Born in August 778, Casseneuil, Lot-et-Garonne, Aquitaine
Died on June 20, 840, near Ingelheim, Rhinehessen, Hesse
Charlemagne King Of Franks 742-
Hildegarde Cts de Vinzgau 758-783
Marriages and children
Married (Feb 818/19) to Judith the Fair Of Bavaria 800-843, with
Gisela de Aquitaine -874/
Charles II the Bald King Of West Franks 823-877
Married in 793 to ? ?, with
Arnould Ct de Sens -841/
Married about 794, Hesbaye?, Belgium, to Irmengard de Hesbain 778-818, with
Lothar I de Italia Holy Roman Emp 795-855
Pepin I of Aquitane King Of Aquitane 797-838
Louis II the German King Of East Franks 800-876
Hildegard de Aquitaine Abbess Of Leon 802-841
Rotrud de Aquitaine 808-841
Adelaide de Aquitaine +
Louis I "The Pious", Emperor Of The Holy Roman Empire in 814 succeeded his father Charlemagne. In 817, he arranged for the succession after his death by dividing the empire among his three sons. After his first wife died, Louis married again, and a
fourth son, Charles, was born. Louis redivided his empire in 829 in order to give Charles a share. The older sons resented the new division and revolted. Louis was removed from the throne in 833, but was restored the next year. The bitter struggle
between his sons continued until Louis died.
The name Louis means "famous warrier".
Louis I,_Emporer Of_The Holy_Roman_Empir
Born in August 778, Casseneuil,Lot-Et-Garonne,France
Baptized on October 6, 977
Died on June 20, 840, Near,Ingelheim,Rhinehessen,Hesse
Buried - Aachen Cathedral,Aachen,Rheinland,Prussia
Charlemagne, Emperor Of Holy_Roman_Empir, [KING OF THE FRA 742-814
Hildegard, Empress Of Holy_Roman_Empir, [COUNTESS OF VIN ca 757-783
Marriages and children
Married in 798, ,,,France, to Ermengarde, Princess Of Hesbaye, EMPRESS OF HRE ca 778-818, with
Lothaire I, Emperor 795-855
Louis II,_"The_German" King_Of Germany ca 800-876
Pepin I King Aquitaine ca 803-
Rotrude, Princess Of ca 808
Alpaide (Alpais), Princess_Of_The ca 810
Hildegarde, Princess Of ca 812-841/
Adelaide Princess Of ca 814
Gisle, Princess Of -876/
Married in February 819 to Judith, Empress Of_The Holy_Roman_Empir, PRINCESS OF BAVA ca 800-843, with
Charles II,__Emporer Of_The 823-877
Married, Not Married, to Mrs-Louis I, concubine Holy_Roman_Empir
Ermengarde, Princess Of Hesbaye
EMPRESS OF HRE .
Born about 778, Of Hesbaye,Liege,Belgium
Died on October 3, 818, Angers,France
Ingeramne, Duke Of Hesbaye ca 753
Mrs-Ingeramme, Duchess Of Hesbaye ca 758
Judith, Empress Of_The Holy_Roman_Empir
PRINCESS OF BAVA .
Born about 800, ,,,Bavaria
Died on April 19, 843, Tours,Indre-Et-Loire,France
Welf I, Duke_Of Bavaria ca 776
Hedwig, Duchess Of Bavaria ca 780
Louis I le Pieux
b.Aug 778, Casseuil
m.794 Ermengarde de Hesbaye(780-3.10.818, Angers), dau.of Ingramm
4.Louis I le Germanique
m.2.2.819 Judith de Baviere(800, Altdorf-19.4.843, Tours), dau.of Welf I, Cte de Baviere
8.Charles I le Chauve
Louis I "The Pious" Carolingians
Holy Roman Emperor
(Louis I "The Pious"...)
Born in August 778, Casseneuil,Lot-Et-Garonne,France
Died on 20 June 840, Near,Ingelheim,Rhinehessen,Hesse
Charlemagne "Charles the Great" Carolingians, Roman Emperor 742-
Hildegarde Von Vinzgau, Countess Of Vinzgau ca 757-783
Marriages and children
Married in 798, France, to Ermengarde de Hesbaye, Princess of Hesbaye ca 778-818, with
Lothar I 795
Pepin I ca 803-838
Louis II "The German" 806-876
Rotrude ca 808
Alpaide (Alpais) ca 810
Hildegarde ca 812-841/
Adele (Aelis) de France ca 870
Married (Feb 0818/0819), Germany, to Judith Wittelsbach ca 800-843, with
Charles II "The Bald" 823-877
REIGNED: King of France "Emperor" (814 - 840)
NAME: Louis le Debonnaire; king of Aquitaine (781-840); co-emperor w/ father
FILE: Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia Copyright 1994; The Royal
Line (Adamic Genealogy) March 1980, Albert F. Schmuhl
!Called The Pious (778-840), Holy Roman emperor (814-40), king of France (814-40), king of Germany (814-40), and king of Aquitaine (781-840). He was the son of Charlemagne, king of the Franks. In 817 Louis made plans providing for the posthumous division of the Carolingian Empire among his three surviving sons, Lothair I, Holy Roman emperor, Louis II, king of Germany, and Charles II, Holy Roman emperor. His reign, however, was troubled by quarrels with his sons, who were dissatisfied with his arrangements for the succession. Louis was physically strong but was easily influenced and was unequal to administering the large empire that he inherited from his father.
Louis I (Holy Roman Empire), called The Pious (778-840), Holy Roman emperor (814-840), king of France (814-840), king of Germany (814-840), and king of Aquitaine (781-840). He was the son and sole successor of Charlemagne. In 817 Louis made plans for an orderly succession among his sons: Lothair I, Louis II (Louis the German), and Pepin of Aquitaine. Later he wanted to include in the succession Charles II (Charles the Bald), his son by a second marriage. Dissatisfied, his older sons rebelled (830, 833) against him and fought among themselves for supremacy as well. Pepin died in 838, and in 843 the empire was divided among the three surviving brothers (see VERDUN, TREATY OF)."Louis I (Holy Roman Empire)," Microsoft (R) Encarta. Copyright (c) 1994 Microsoft Corporation. Copyright (c) 1994 Funk & Wagnall"s Corporation.
813 Charlemagne crowns his son Louis at the diet of Aix-la-Chapelle
817 Louis devides France among his sons: Lothar becomes coregent, louis receives Bavaria, Pepin Aquitainia.
"The Timetables of History, The new Third Revised Edition, by Bernard Grun, 1975"
Louis I, King de France
AKA Louis "Le Pieux; Louis "Le Debonnaire"
son of Charlemagne, Rex Francorum et Langobardorum and
Hildegard, Countess de Linzgau
Born: in Aug 778 Chasseneuil, Lot-en-Garonne, Aquitaine, France
Married in 794: Ermengarde d"Esbay, daughter of Engueran=Ingram,
Count d"Esbay and N?
In 781, at age 2, Louis I, "Le Pieux", was crowned and anointed King of Aquitaine by Pope Hadrian I, at the same time as his older brother Pepin was made King of Italy. Louis, whose twin brother had died at birth, was the third of Charlemagne"s sons by his wife Hildegard. The Diviso Regni of 806 indicates that Louis was to have Aquitaine as an independent Kingdom upon his father"s death. Aquitaine was in effect a March; for much of Louis" reign as sub-king he and his officials were occupied in quelling Gascon revolts and launching offensives into Spain. Unrest had never completely died out in the Pyrenees since the annexation of Aquitaine in 768, and more especially after the disastrous ambush of the Frankish vanguard in Roncesvalles in 778. In about 788, Chorso, Duke of Toulouse was captured by a Gascon named Adelric, and then released after being forced to swear an oath of allegiance to the Gascon or Basque leader. In 793, the Sarracens invaded Septimania, burned the suburbs of Narbonne and marched on Carcassonne, but in 795 Bahlul-ben-Machluc sued with Louis for peace. In 800, he successfully laid siege to Barcelona and subsequently captured Tortosa, Huesca and Pamplona and formed links with the Kingdom of the Asturias. Baptized: on 15 Apr 781; On 15 April 781, Louis was baptized by Pope Hadrian I in Rome. The next day, Easter Sunday, he was confirmed in his title of King of Aquitaine.
Louis I established monasteries in Nouaille (a cell of St. Hilaire of Poitiers), Gellone and St. Martin-de-Tours. After the death of his brothers Pepin and Charles in 810 and 811 respectively, Louis was crowned at Aachen on 13 September 813, Emperor and heir to all of Charlemagne"s lands, by Charlemagne himself without any assistance nor even the presence of the Pope. All sources, Frankish as well as papal, refer to Louis as emperor from then on. Charlemagne died 5 months later. All of Louis" sisters were required to quit the palace and retire to their own estates. His cousins, the offsprings of Bernard (Pepin III"s half brother) were exhiled: Louis forced Count Wala to become a monk at Corbie; Adalhard was exhiled to Noirmoutier to be held there in custody by the Abbot; Bernhard returned to Lerin and Gundrada had to retreat to St. Radegund"s convent of Sainte Croix in Poitiers. Only Theodrada was left unmolested as abbess of Notre Dame at Soissons. Louis I was also known as Louis, "Le Pieux". On 27 February 814, upon learning of the death of his father, and at the age of 36 years, he left Doue-la-Fontaine, in Anjou, to go to Aix-la-Chapelle. This new emperor, enterred this capital, and poised himself in front of the tomb of Charlemagne. So oversome with grief, his forehead touched the stone floor of the church. Hence the name "Le Pieux". Since he was kind, relative to his times, he was also known as "Le Debonnaire". For himself, he preferred to adopt the title "by divine Providence, Emperor Augustus". When Pope Leo died in May of 816, Stephen IV was elected Pope, and crowned Louis the Emperor on Sunday 5 October by placing a crown on his head during mass at Rheims. He also secured the release of some Roman exhiles in Francia. This crowning was among the first attempts to integrate the Papacy into the institutional framework of the Empire. Louis, "lest he be led astray in satisfying the natural desires of the body" married Ermengarde, daughter of Count Ingramn. Charlemagne established Doue-la-Fontaine, Chasseneuil (Louis" birthplace), Angeac and breuil as royal residences to maintain Louis and his household. At an assembly in Aachen in July 817, Louis made provisions for his sons" inheritance through the "Ordinatio Imperii". In his preface he states that the unity of the empire preserved for Louis by God should not be destroyed by men. Lothar was given the title of emperor, and as co-ruler with his father at once made heir to the empire, and appointed King of Italy in the event of his father"s death. Bernard, then King of Italy was not mentioned, but the implication is that Bernard would be subordinate to Lothar should Louis die. Pepin was made King of Aquitaine (plus Gascony, Toulouse, Carcassonne, Autun, Avallon and Nevers) and Louis, The German, was made King of Bavaria (plus Carinthia, Bohemia, the lands of the Avars and Slavs and the royal manors of Lauterhofen and Ingolstadt). Pepin and Louis were to meet on an annual basis with Lothar to consult and together find "measures to take in the interest of perpetual peace". They could neither start a war nor marry without the approval of their elder brother. Lothar even had the right to de-throne them after three warnings. That same year, 817, Stephen IV obtains his political independence, thus severing the tie between Rome and the Frank Empire as conceived by Charlemagne. The arrangement was neat and all contingencies covered except for the one which took place. After his first wife"s (Ermengarde) death, Louis, in 819, married the beautiful Bavarian Judith, daughter of Comte Welf of Bavaria. On 13 June 823 she gave birth to a son. He was called Charles. In September, 824, forgetting his nickname "Le Debonnaire", Louis totally ravages the Bretagne which was rebelling. In 829, at the General Assembly convoked in Worms (Wurm), Louis announces that he is forging a Duchy for his son, Charles, and gives him Alamania, Alsace, Rhetia, and part of Burgundy. The Co-Emperor Lothar, disagrees and has his name removed from imperial decrees and diplomas. Toward the end of 829, the political scene gets very complicated with allegations that Judith had intimate rapports with Bernard, Count of Barcelone, and ultimately desiring the death of the three sons of Hirmingarde. In Mai of 830, in Compigne, Lothar and Pepin of Aquitaine lead a revolt. Louis is forced to cede on every point of contention. The apanage of the young Charles is eliminated, Judith is locked up in Poitiers at the Monastery of Sainte-Radegonde. In 831, the bishops would note how she had a talent for converting men"s hearts and souls, and would allow her to rejoin her husband. In 832, Pepin and Louis revolt against their father. On 24 June 833, the Army of Louis Le Pieux faces those of the rebels. The field of battle in Rothfeld would be named the Field of the Lie (Luegenfeld). The Emperor and his sons begin negotiations. The night of 29 to 30 June, it is clear that the supporters of Louis would be influenced by his three sons. On the morning of 30 June, Louis would have to surrender. It would not be until 1 October that Louis would be deposed by the Assembly led by Agobard, Archbishop of Lyon and Eblon, Archbishop of Reims. On 7 October, Judith is sent to the Monastery of Tortone, Bernard to Pruem, and Louis to the Monastery of Saint-Medard-de-Soissons, where in public ceremony, he is forced to lay down his sword, stripped of royal vestments, he is made to don the coarse cloth of a penitent. In 834, Louis and Pepin, tired of being under the control of their brother Lothar, decide to free their father. On 28 February, they succeed in freeing their father and in August in Blois, Lothar swears to Louis Le Pieux, that he would never leave Italy except by his direct command. Throughout 834, the Normands -- Danes, Swedes and Norwegians -- resume their raids. On 28 February 835, the General Assembly proclaims that Louis was innocent of all previous accusations thus clearing the way for him to be re-established as Emperor on the Throne at Saint-Stephen of Metz. In 837, thanks to the intercessions of Judith, Charles "Le Chauve", receives a Kingdom composed of Frisia, between the Seine, the Meuse and the sea and in September 838, he receives the crown at Quierzy-sur-Oise. In 838, Marseille is devastated by the Sarrasins. On 30 May 839, the Empire is divided in half, with Lothar taking the East, and Charles" lands extend through Provence, Lyon, Toul and Geneva and all the lands of the West. Louis "the German", gets to keep only Bavaria. Married in 819: Judith de Baviere, daughter of Welf II, Count de Baviere and Egilwich=Heilwig, Abbess de Challes; Louis married Judith upon the death of his first wife, Ermengarde. She bore him a son named Charles in 823. It is clear that Louis was as fond of Charles as Jacob was of his Benjamin. Died: on 22 Jun 840 Ingelheim, Germany, at age 61 In 840, while attempting to keep Louis "the German" in line, Louis "Le Pieux" is taken ill in Salz. Feeling near death, he sends Lothar his sword and the crown on the condition that he would be loyal to Judith and abide by the lands division agreed to in Worms in 839. He died on an island, near Ingelheim on 22 June.
Louis I le_Debonnaire Kaiser
b.16 APR 778 Chasseneuil
d.20 JUN 840 Ingelheim
Father: Charlemagne Empereur
Mother: Alemannien, Hildegarde von Vingzau
France, Alpais de
Sens, Arnulf I de Comte
d.AFT 3 APR 841
Haspengau, Irmengarde von Hesbaye Herzogin
d.3 OCT 818 Tours
Father: Haspengau, Ingram von Hesbaye Herzog
Lothair I Kaiser
Aquitaine, Pepin I d" Roi
Ostfranken, Louis II l"Allemand Koenig
France, Rotrud de
France, Hildegard de
Altdorf, Judith von Bayern
d.19 APR 843 Tours
Father: Bayern, Welf von Altdorf Herzog
Mother: Sachsen, Heilwig Eigilwi aus
France, Gisela de
Charles II le_Chauve Empereur
Aquitaine, Adelaide d"
Louis Ier "Le Debonnaire" ou "Le Pieux" ou "Le Romain" (° Casseuil-surGgaronne, 778-Ingelheim, 840), roi d"Aquitaine (778), roi de France (814-833 puis 834-840), empereur des Romains (816-840) ep. v. 794, Ermengarde (? 3.10.818), fille du comte Ingram; 2°. O.02.819, Judith (° v. 805-19.04.843), fille de Welf Ier, comte en Baviere. Dont :
- Du premier lit :
1. Lothaire Ier, empereur des Romains, roi d"Italie : Auteur de la branche des empereurs des Romains et rois de Germaine (Cf. Chapitre IV).
2. Pepin Ier (° v. 803-Poitiers, 13.12.833), roi d"Aquitaine (817) ep. O.09.822, Ingeltrude (? ap. 836), fille du comte Theodebert de Madrie.
3. Louis II "Le Germanique" (° v. 806-Francfort-sur-le-Main, 28.08.876), roi de Germaine (840) ep. 827, Emme (? 876), fille de Welf, comte de Baviere.
5. Hildegarde, abbesse de Laon (841).
6. Alpais ou Alpaide, abbesse de Saint-Pierre de Reims ep. Beggon (? 816), comte de Paris.
- Du second lit :
7. Gisele (° v. 820-ap. 874) ep. v. 836, Eberhard, margrave de Frioul (? 962).
8. Charles II "Le Chauve", roi de France, qui suit.
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