Louis II - King of Bavaria(825-876), Germany(840-876) and Lorraine(L.I:8.8.870-28.3.876), Duke of Alemannia(?.5.841-863/76)



Louis II - King of Bavaria(825-876), Germany(840-876) and Lorraine(L.I:8.8.870-28.3.876), Duke of Alemannia(?.5.841-863/76)


Louis I ou II Le Germanique ou Le Pieux roi de Baviere 817-843, puis devient roi de Germanie 843-876
epouse: Emma fille de Welf I comte d"Altdorf. morte en 876. cf: Dynastie des Guelfes
Cf: Deuxieme dynastie de Baviere


Louis I ou II Le Germanique ou Le Pieux roi de Baviere 817-843, puis devient roi de Germanie 843-876
epouse: Emma fille de Welf I comte d"Altdorf. morte en 876. cf: Dynastie des Guelfes
7 enfants:
- Hildegarde abbesse de Zurich. morte en 856
- Carloman roi de Baviere. cf: dessous
- Ermengarde abbesse de Chiemsee. morte en 866
- Berthe abbesse de Zurich. morte en 877
- Gisele
- Louis II ou III Le Jeune roi de Saxe 876-877, puis devient roi de Germanie 877-881, roi de Baviere 880-881
- Charles II Le Gros (III empereur d"Occident) roi de Souabe 876-887 abdique, roi d"Italie 879-887 abdique, empereur d"Occident et roi de Baviere et roi de Germanie 881-887 abdique, roi des Francs 884-887 abdique. mort en 888


Louis II,

byname LOUIS THE GERMAN, German LUDWIG DER DEUTSCHE (b. c. 804, Aquitaine?, Fr.--d. Aug. 28, 876, Frankfurt), king of the East Franks, who ruled lands from which the German state later evolved.

The third son of the Carolingian emperor Louis I the Pious, Louis the German was assigned Bavaria at the partition of the empire in 817. Entrusted with the government of Bavaria in 825, he began his rule the following year. Louis took part in the revolts against his father (830-833) and joined his half-brother, Charles the Bald, in opposing the claim of his brother, Lothair I, to imperial suzerainty over the whole empire after their father"s death in 840. By the Treaty of Verdun (August 843), Charles, Lothair I, and Louis divided the western, middle, and eastern parts of the empire, respectively, between them. Louis received the territory of the Franconians, the Swabians, the Bavarians, and the Saxons, together with the Carolingian provinces to the east.

In 853 a group of nobles opposing Charles the Bald, then king of the West Franks, appealed to Louis for help; in 854 Louis sent his son Louis the Younger to Aquitaine, and in 858 went west himself to try to depose Charles; both expeditions failed. At the Peace of Coblenz (860) Louis renounced his claims to Charles"s dominions.

When Lothair I died in 855, his lands were divided among his sons, one of whom, Lothair, received Lotharingia (Greater Lorraine). This Lothair had no legitimate children, and Louis the German and Charles the Bald agreed (865 and 867/868) on the partition of their nephew"s dominions between themselves on his death. When Lothair died (869), however, Charles broke the agreements by annexing Lotharingia. Louis invaded Lotharingia (870), and the country was divided between Louis and Charles by the Treaty of Mersen (Meerssen), under which Louis received Friesland and an extremely large expansion of this territory west of the Rhine.

Louis in 865 and 872 divided his territories between his sons Carloman, Louis the Younger, and Charles III the Fat. Quarrels and discontent at the partitions led to revolts by one or another of the sons between 861 and 873.

Although Louis the German supported Frankish Catholic missions in Moravia, he could not maintain control in that area and lost a war that led to the founding of Greater Moravia, independent after 874.

Louis the German unsuccessfully sought the imperial dignity and the succession in Italy for his line after the death of Lothair I"s son, the emperor Louis II; but though Louis II declared (874) in favour of Carloman, eldest son of Louis the German, as the next emperor (August 875), Charles the Bald had himself crowned by Pope John VIII after Louis II"s death in August 875. Meanwhile, Louis the German unsuccessfully attempted to invade Charles"s possessions in Lotharingia. At the time of his death, Louis the German was again preparing for war against Charles.


<B023649> Louis (The_German) II CAROLING (King of Bavaria)
<B013268> Father: Louis I (Le_Debonnaire) CAROLING (King of Franks)
<B023624> Mother: Ermengarde d"Esbay de HASBAIGNE
OCCUPATION: King of Bavaria
BIRTH: 805/806, ,Bavaria,Germany
DEATH: 28 AUG 876, Frankfurt,,Germany
Family 1:
<B023650> Emma Altdorf WELF
<B023651> 1. Carloman CAROLING (King of Bavaria)
<B030394> 2. Hedwige CAROLING
<B024692> 3. Charles (The_Fat) III CAROLING (Emporer)
Family 2:
<B028334> Richilde CAROLING?

Notes

King of Bavaria (825) King of Bavaria and Germany 840-876; he died in Frankfurt am Main.
Source: Royals.zip (Compuserve); The Lives of the Kings and Queens of France, p.38; J. MacDonald-Hilton (Compuserve 71231,2703); Ahnentafel for Edward III of England
EVEN TYPE Reigned
EVEN DATE 843/876


<I001762> Louis "the German", King of East FRANKS
<I000778> Father: Louis I "The Pious", King of AQUITAINE
<I000779> Mother: Judith of BAVARIA
BIRTH: 806
DEATH: 28 SEP 876, Frankfort, Germany
Family 1:
<I004274> Emma of ANDECH
<I001760> 1. Carloman, King of Bavaria and ITALY

Notes

{Ref. Encycl. Britannica, 1956 Ed., 14:413f.:} "Louis may truly be called the founder of the German kingdom, though his attempts to maintain the unity of the Empire proved futile. ...He lived in close alliance with the Church, to which he was very generous, and supported its missionary schemes."


Louis Ier le Germanique
Alias Louis II le Germanique
Roi de Baviere (817-843), roi de Germanie (843-876).
(Louis Carolingien)

Born about 806.
Died on 28th of August 876.
Parents
Louis Ier le Pieux Carolingien, empereur d"Occident 778-840
Ermengarde de Hesbaye +818
Marriages and children
Allied in 827 to Emma de Baviere +876, with
Carloman de Baviere ca 829-880
Louis II le Jeune ca 830-882
Gisele
Charles III le Gros 839-888


Louis II (Ludwig)_of The_East_Franks

King .
(Louis The_East_Franks)

Born about 806 - of,,,France.
Died on August 28, 876 - Frankfort,,Brandenburg,Germany.
Buried - Lauresheim Abbey.

Parents

Louis I "the_Pious" Holy_Roman_Empir, Emperor 778-840
Ermengarde Hesbaye, Princess ca 778-818

Marriages and children

Allied in 827 to Emma Bavaria, Queen +876, with
Carloman Bavaria *ca 800
Allied to Engelberga x

Notes

NAME Louis II (Ludwig) "the German" King of /Germany/
Stuart p. 131: King of East Franks
Ancestral Roots p. 123


Emma Bavaria
Queen .
(Emma of Bavaria)
Died in 876.
Parents
Welf I Bavaria, Duke ca 776-819
Hedwig Chelles, Abbesss *ca 780


Engelberga x
the Carolingeans p. 179, member of the Supponid clan


Louis II le Germanique DE GERMANIE

(Louis DE GERMANIE)
Roi
Born in 806.
Died on August 28, 876 - Francfort ALLEMAGNE.
Buried - Lörsch ALLEMAGNE Cloître.

Parents

Louis Ier le Debonnaire DE FRANCIE 778-840
Ermengarde DE HASPENGAU 778-818

Marriages and children

Allied in 827 to Emma D"ALTDORF ca 809-876, with
Carloman Ier DE BAVIERE 828-880
Gisèle ca 833-/895

Notes

Profession : Roi de Germanie de 843 au 28 Août 876.


<G000405> LOUIS_II (King Germany)
BIRTH: ABT 805, ,,,France
DEATH: 28 AUG 876, ,Frankfort,Brandenburg,Germany
BURIAL: Lauresheim Abbey


Louis II "The German"
b.ca.806
d.28 Aug 876
son of Louis I "The Pious" of Aquitaine (King of France) and Ermengarde of Hesbania (Princess of Hesbania), dau.of Ingerman (Ingram) of HESBAYE (Count of Hesbaye)
m.Emma of BAVARIA (dau.of Guelph (Welf) of Alemannia (Count d"Andech) and Edith (Heilwig) of Saxony).
Children:
1.Hildegarde of BAVARIA
2.Carloman of BAVARIA (King of Bavaria)
3.Louis "The Young" (King East Franks)
4.Charles III "The Fat" (King West Franks).

Notes

Louis II (of Germany), called The German (circa 806-76), king of Germany (843-76), the third son of Holy Roman Emperor Louis I. An active participant in the civil wars that marked the last ten years of his father"s reign, he became ruler of all Germany east of the Rhine by the Treaty of Verdun in 843. Even after that, however, he continued to fight his kinsmen, winning the eastern part of Lorraine in 870. An able ruler, Louis strengthened government in his lands and encouraged the development of vernacular literature. Source: "Louis II (of Germany)," Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 98 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1997 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved


<G000405> LOUIS_II (King Germany)
BIRTH: ABT 805, ,,,France
DEATH: 28 AUG 876, ,Frankfort,Brandenburg,Germany
BURIAL: Lauresheim Abbey


Ludwig II. der Deutsche = König der Ostfranken X

(Ludwig X)
(Ludwig Ii. Der Deutsche = König Der Ostfranken...)


Born about 806
Died on August 28, 876
Buried - Kloster Lorsch

Parents

Ludwig der Fromme = Louis le Pieux oder Débonnaire X 778/-840
Ermengard = Yrmingard vom Haspengau X +818

Marriages and children

Married to Hemma = Emma, Welfin X +876, with
Hildegard von Ostfranken ? 828-856
Karlman, König von Bayern und Italien ca 830-880
Ermengard = Irmgard ? +866
Gisla von Ostfranken
Ludwig III. König von Sachsen, Bayern und Lotharingen ca 835-882
Bertha von Ostfranken ? +877
Karl III. der Dicke 839-888


Louis II the German King Of East Franks
(Louis King Of East Franks)
Born in 800, France
Died on August 28, 876, Frankfort, Brandenburg, Germany
Parents
Louis I the Pious de Aquitaine King Of France 778-840
Irmengard de Hesbain 778-818
Marriages and children
Married in 827 to Emma Of Bavaria ca 810-, with
Carloman Of Bavaria King Of Bavaria 830-880
Louis the Young 835-
Charles III the Fat King Of West Franks 837-
Hedwige Of Germany 856-903
Notes
Louis II King Of Germany is often regarded as the founder of the German kingdom. After the death of his father, Louis I, in 1840, he joined with one brother, Charles the Bald, to fight another, Lothair I, for control of the empire. The Treaty of Verdun
in 843 gave Louis all of Germany east of the Rhine River.

Source: "The World Book Encyclopedia", 1968, p L417.


Notes

Emma Of Bavaria
Born about 810
Died (31 Jan 875/76)
Parents
Welf Of Swabia Ct de Alemania 776-825
Heilwig Of Saxony 780-833/


Louis II,_"The_German" King_Of Germany

(Louis Germany)


Born about 800, ,,,France
Died on August 28, 876, ,Frankfort,Brandenburg,Germany
Buried - Lauresheim Abbey

Parents

Louis I,_Emporer Of_The Holy_Roman_Empir 778-840
Ermengarde, Princess Of Hesbaye, EMPRESS OF HRE ca 778-818

Marriages and children

Married in 827 to Emma, Queen Of Germany


Louis I le Germanique
b.804
d.5..9.876, Francfort sur le Main

m.827 Emma de Baviere(d.31.1.876)
1.Hildegarde
2.Gisele
3.Carloman
4.Louis II le Jeune
5.Charles III le Gros
6.Ermengarde


Louis II "The German" Carolingians
King of the East Franks
(Louis Carolingians)
(Louis Ii "The German"...)
Born in 806, Alsace,Lorraine,France
Died on 28 August 876, Frankfort,Brandenburg,Germany

Parents
Louis I "The Pious" Carolingians, Holy Roman Emperor 778-840
Ermengarde de Hesbaye, Princess of Hesbaye ca 778-818

Marriages and children
Married on 15 October 821 to Engelberga Carolingians
Married in 827 to Emma Carolingians

Notes

REIGNED: King of Germany ( - 876)
NOTE: House of Carolingian
Louis I .804-876, king of the East Franks (817-76), son of Emperor LOUIS I,
who gave him BAVARIA in 817. In the shifting conflict among his father and his brothers, LOTHAIR I, Pepin I, and CHARLES II, he sided first with one, then with the other. Eventually the Treaty of Verdun (843) gave him the kingdom of
the East Franks (roughly modern Germany). Later, part of Lothair"s territory of LOTHARINGIA came to him. He survived several revolts by his sons, Louis the Younger, Carloman, and Charles the Fat (later Emperor CHARLES III).
FILE: Concise Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia Copyright 1994, Columbia University Press.
817 Louis receives Bavaria
"The Timetables of History, The new Third Revised Edition, by Bernard Grun, 1975"


Louis II "Le Jeune", King of Italy and Provence, Emperor of the West
son of Lothaire I, Emperor of the West and Ermengarde de Tours
Born: in 825
Married in 851: Engelberge de Spolete, daughter of Erchanger, Count d"Alsace and N?
Died: on 8 Dec 875 Brescia, Italy, Some sources indicate that Louis II died on 12 August 875.

Louis II was crowned King of the Lombards (Italy) by Pope Sergius II in 844 and remained King until his death in 875. He became Emperor of the Occident on Easter Sunday in 850. Upon the death of his brother, Charles de Provence, Louis II"s Kingdom is enhanced by Provence and the Northern part of Charles" Kingdom. When his remaing brother, Lothar II dies in 869, leaving no male heir, Louis II would have gotten the remaining lands, but his rights were strongly contested by his uncles Charles le Chauve and Louis le Germanique. In Italy, he fought with some success in alliance with the Papacy against the Sarracens from whom he took Bari. His daughter, Ermengarde, became Queen of Provence through her marriage with Boson. He deeded his Kingdom to Louis le Germanique"s son, Carloman.


Louis II "Le Germanique" (° v. 806-Francfort-sur-le-Main, 28.08.876), roi de Germaine (840) ep. 827, Emme (? 876), fille de Welf, comte de Baviere. Dont entre autres :
A. Carloman (° 828-Ottingen, 880), roi de Baviere (865), roi d"Italie (877-879). Dont :
B. Louis "Le Jeune" (° v. 830-Francfort, 20.01.882), roi de Saxe, Thuringe et Franconie (865).
C. Charles Ier "Le Gros", empereur des Romains, roi de Germanie, roi de France. (Cf. Chapitre II : Branche ainee).


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